Thomas Edmund Dewey (March 24, 1902–March 16, 1971) was the Governor of New York (1943–1954) and the unsuccessful Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in 1944 and 1948. As a leader of the liberal faction of the Republican Party he fought the conservative faction led by Ohio Senator Robert A. Taft, and played a major role in nominating Dwight D. Eisenhower for the presidency in 1952. Dewey represented the business and professional community of the Northeastern United States, a group that later became known as the "Eastern Establishment." This group accepted most of the New Deal social-welfare reforms after 1944, and were internationalists who supported international groups such as the United Nations and the Cold War policies opposing the Soviet Union and Communism. Dewey's successor as leader of the liberal Republicans was Nelson Rockefeller, who became governor of New York in 1959. The New York State Thruway is named in his honor.